SQ | EN | MK | MO | SR

SLED final event

More than 40 participants from beneficiary countries and numerous international organisations participated in a high-level event marking the end of the project “Support for Low-Emission Development” (SLED). The main purpose of the event was to present the results of the project to key stakeholders from the countries involved, the donor community and EU institutions in order to raise awareness of low-carbon development opportunities in the building and electricity sectors in Albania, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia. Key research findings, and their relevance to evidence-based policy making, were also discussed. In addition, the meeting facilitated the exchange of ideas on climate policy needs; climate and energy priorities; and potential follow-up activities aimed at supporting low-carbon pathways in the region. The event, which was organised by the REC, was held in Vienna.

The workshop agenda and presentations can be found here:

SLED Albania

SLED Aleksandra Novikova

SLED Laszlo Szabo

SLED Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

SLED Montenegro

SLED REC

SLED Serbia

SLED Tamas Csoknyai

SLED Final Programme

SLED List of attendance

SLED Public Buildings presentation on June 28th in Tirana, Albania

“SLED Public Buildings presentation on June 28th in Tirana, Albania” (Albanian language presentation) Teuta Thimjo, Engineer

Materials:

Presentation: Download

Templates, Field Work, Buildings and Technical Systems

“Templates, Field Work, Buildings and Technical Systems” Rodon Miraj, Engineer

Materials:

Presentation: Download

Support for Low-Emission Development in South East Europe (SLED): Low-carbon transformation of the Public Building Sector

“Support for Low-Emission Development in South East Europe (SLED): Low-carbon transformation of the Public Building Sector” Gjergji Simaku Director Ministry of Energy and Industry, Renewable Resources and Energy Efficiency Directory, Albania

Materials:

Presentation: Download

COP 21 Side Event

The SLED project was presented at the 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, COP21, at the side event “Climate Cooperation between the EU, the Western Balkans and Turkey” on December 5, 2015. The event was an opportunity to present the results of the ongoing programme of the Environment and Climate Regional Accession Network (ECRAN), which builds on the earlier Regional Environmental Network for Accession (RENA). The aim of ECRAN is to build capacities for achieving compliance with EU climate policies and the EU climate acquis in the seven EU candidate countries and potential candidates (in South Eastern Europe and Turkey). The event focused on ECRAN activities aimed at promoting compliance with EU climate policies and legislation; assistance with the development and implementation of intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs); capacity building for the implementation of the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS); alignment with the EU’s monitoring mechanism (GHG inventories); and adaptation actions. The side event also highlighted the results of the parallel SLED project, which modelled decarbonisation pathways for several countries in the region in the electricity and residential building sectors. The results of the SLED project have also been used for the INDC development work of the ECRAN programme.

Materials:

SLED – Electricity modelling: Download

SLED: Modelling the transformation to the low carbon residential buildings stock in the future: Download

SLED project for Serbia

Important decisions must be made in terms of current energy policy in SEE — that is, whether to pursue carbon-/lignite-based capacity developments or increase the hydro/renewable base. The current lack of carbon pricing, delayed EU accession and the already high level of hydro resource use make this decision very uncertain. Most countries still have significant potential in terms of hydro-based generation. However, hydro power is a particularly sensitive issue in the region: with a large share in the electricity system already, a further increase would make countries even more sensitive to precipitation levels. Higher interconnection levels would help to ease the problem, as demand could be covered even in dry years.

The building sector research indicates that the quality of thermal energy services in the region is poor: households can only afford to heat 50 percent of dwelling floor area for a few hours a day, while the use of traditional wood stoves is creating environmental problems. There is little understanding of the structure of the sector for policy making. The SLED model addressed this knowledge gap by creating a very detailed typology of residential buildings and by modelling their transformation to a low-energy and low-carbon future by 2070 in Montenegro and Serbia, and by 2050 in Albania, in line with the EU Energy Roadmap 2050

The building sector scenario in the SEE region results in a 13 to 27 percent reduction in final energy consumption by 2030; a 30 to 46 percent reduction in electricity consumption; and a 46 to 73 percent reduction in CO2 emissions, depending on the country. It was found that it is more beneficial to carry out thermal efficiency improvements together with business-as-usual improvements in order to take advantage of costs that are anyway incurred. The scenario also assumes a significant increase in the delivered thermal comfort and a decrease in energy costs. However, the transformation requires very strong political commitment, the enforcement of building codes, as well as the careful design and wide provision of financial incentives for residential energy efficiency.

Materials:

Support for low emission development in SEE: decarbonisation of the residential sector in Serbia by Aleksandra Novikova, PhD: Download

SLED Electricity Modelling results – Serbia by László Szabó, András Mezősi: Download

Support for Low-Emission Development in South East Europe (SLED) by Milica Jovanović Popović, Dušan Ignjatović, Bojana Stanković: Download

Building classification methodology in Serbia by Tamás Csoknyai PhD: Download

SLED project for Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

The Macedonian electricity sector is currently characterised by high carbon intensity: its CO2 emissions are more than double the European average. The SLED assessments show that the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia would further increase its carbon emissions if the currently planned coal- and gas-based capacities were to be realised by 2030. The assessment also shows that the country can achieve significant carbon emission reductions if it pursues vigorous energy efficiency improvements that reduce power consumption. Increasing hydro-based generation could also contribute to lowering emissions. Such actions could also reduce the country’s dependency on imports, so they would have a double dividend: the development of a more sustainable power sector in both the climate and energy security fields.

Materials:

SLED scenario assessment for Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia by László Szabó, PhD – András Mezősi, PhD – Zsuzsanna Pató, PhD: Download

SLED project for Montenegro

The results of the SLED project for Montenegro were presented on October 27, 2015, in Podgorica. The lead researchers and modellers presented the analytical work underlying scenario development, along with the results of the modelling.

Materials:

Support for low emission development in SEE: decarbonisation of the residential sector in Montenegro by Aleksandra Novikova, PhD: Download

SLED scenario assessment for Montenegro by László Szabó, PhD – András Mezősi PhD: Download

Building classification methodology in Montenegro by Tamás Csoknyai PhD: Download

The results of the SLED project for Montenegro were presented on October 27, 2015, in Podgorica. The lead researchers and modelers made presentations about the analytic work underlying the scenario development, as well as the results of the modelling. Footage of the accompanying press conference can be found here.

SLED project for Albania

With nearly zero carbon emissions, Albania’s electricity sector has the lowest carbon emissions in Europe. The research carried out under the SLED project indicates that the situation will remain similar in the future. The research also shows that more ambitious climate commitments could contribute to Albania’s security of supply (SoS) through the greater utilisation of the country’s hydro potential. Albania would still be sensitive to droughts, although increasing interconnectedness with neighbouring countries could help to alleviate this problem.

The building sector research focused on the detailed characteristics of building types in Albania’s three climatic zones, providing a detailed assessment of 72 building types and modelling building refurbishment options based on these characteristics. Such research — in relation to both building typology and modelling — had never before been carried out in Albania at this level of detail. The project results will contribute to the effective implementation of relevant Energy Community obligations in the field and will provide a knowledge base for the development of future support schemes for the energy efficiency of buildings in the country.

Materials:

Support for low emission development in SEE: decarbonisation of the residential sector in Albania by Aleksandra Novikova, PhD : Download

SLED scenario assessment for Albania by László Szabó, PhD – András Mezősi PhD: Download

Building classification methodology in Albania Results of the residential building retrofitting methodology in Albania Zsuzsa Szalay PhD: Download